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我国广场健身操(舞)作品特点探究

添加时间:2017-03-06 17:43  所属栏目:硕士毕业论文 来源:未知 作者:admin
  【题目】广场健身操(舞)作品特点探究
  【第一章】中国广场健身操原创作品研究前言
  【第二章】广场健身操作品研究方法
  【3.1】作品征集概况
  【3.2】作品人群数量及特征
  【3.3  3.4】道具使用分析与主题与风格特征分析
  【3.5  3.6】民族特色分析与动作特征分析
  【3.7  3.8】场地利用分析与队形变化分析
  【3.9  3.10】音乐分析与服装、服饰分析
  【3.11  3.12】作品完成情况、精神风貌与表演效果分析
  【3.13】广场健身操作品创作问题与对创编建议
  【结论/参考文献】中国广场健舞原创作品探析结论与参考文献

  中文摘要
  
  近年来,广场健身操(舞)作为有着广泛群众基础的健身性活动项目,业已发展成为我国全民参与体育锻炼的主要方式之一,正吸引越来越多的人群参与其中,但其理论研究还比较欠缺,对我国广场健身操原创作品的研究还未出现,对全国范围的广场健身操(舞)原创研究更是空白。
  
  本研究采用文献资料法、录像观察法、数理统计法、逻辑分析法等研究方法,以2013 年国家体育总局在全国范围内首次发起征集的原创广场健身操(舞)作品为例进行分析,旨在通过本次征集到的原创作品,全面研判目前我国广场健身操(舞)原创作品发展背景与目的、发展现状,并对目前评判标准进行解析,深入剖析我国广场健身操(舞)原创作品的总体特征、主题与风格、器械使用情况、民族特色、场地利用与队形变化、音乐与服装服饰、动作完成、精神风貌与表演效果等问题,力求探索我国目前广场健身操(舞)原创作品中各要素的特色及其存在问题,并提出解决我国广场健身操(舞)作品的发展对策,以期使广场健身操(舞)原创作品在全民健身热潮中得到可持续发展与推广,为广场健身操(舞)的科学化发展提供合理化建议。
  
  通过研究,本文得出结论如下:
  
  (1)广场健身操(舞)是指健身爱好者在音乐伴奏下,以身体的操(舞)练习为手段,在公园、广场、体育场、街道、社区等空旷的场地所进行的一种群体性健身娱乐活动。在练习形式上,健身操更倾向于操化类动作,健身舞更行倾向于舞蹈类动作,然而,健身操与健身舞并没有根本的区别。
  
  (2)作品涉及人群广,参与人数多,地域分布广泛,可代表目前我国广场健身操(舞)的水平。人群虽以老年人群居多,但呈现多样化,可以使用道具,也可徒手参与;少数民族作品风格的作品呈现出了多民族元素特色和精华;在场地利用上,主要以社区和城市文化广场及公园空地、体育场馆为主。
  
  (3)优秀的广场健身操(舞)作品表现出一定的共性特征:队形变化形式多样,且表现出很好的艺术性和观赏性;队形展示与动作、音乐配合协调;动作特征鲜明,动作特征、音乐风格、服装服饰能很好的表现作品的主题;动作的创编符合队员的运动能力,动作完成和动作的一致性很好;进退场形式上有创意,能够给人以美的享受和眼前一亮的新鲜感;动作布局与分配均衡,时间控制与人数要求满足规则要求。
  
  (4)我国广场健身操(舞)原创作品在现阶段呈现出以下主要特征:作品的原创性与健身健心性、参与人群的广泛性、音乐与舞蹈类型的多样性、动作编排的艺术性、作品风格的多元性等。
  
  (5)征集的原创作品中音乐具有时尚性、流行性和民族性为主要特征;服装、服饰颜色选择上凸显中国传统文化和地域民族特色为主;在作品编排上,优秀作品的主题表现更加突出,队形变化比较流畅,富有美感,变化次数较多,运动量上符合健身者的身心特点。关键词:广场健身操(舞);原创作品;剖析。
  
  Abstract
  
  As a fitness project with broad base of the mass and the main means of our nationalphysical fitness, square aerobics (Dance) is attracting more and more people involved inrecent years, but its theoretical research is still relatively lacking, and it does not appear onthe research on the original works of square aerobics. It is even blank to the research onnationwide aerobics (Dance) original works.
  
  By the method of literature, video observation, mathematical statistics, logical analysis, Weanalyze firstly nationwide collections of original square aerobics (Dance) which StateSports General Administration launched in 2013, aimed to comprehensive analyzebackground and purpose, the current situation of square aerobics (Dance) development, bythe wide collection of original works, we analyze the current evaluation standard, andmake analysis to evaluation rules of our country square aerobics (Dance) original works.
  
  Making analysis to general characteristics, the style and themes, equipment usage, nationalcharacteristics, space utilization and formation change, music and costumes, actioncompleted, spirit and performance results of square of China aerobics (Dance) problems ofthe original works, we strive to explore all the characteristics and existing problems ofthe original current square aerobics (Dance)。On the basis of this, we put forward tothe solution of problems and countermeasures of national square aerobics (Dance) work, inorder to offer the services to the sustainable development and extension ofsquare aerobics (Dance) original works in the national fitness project, and give thereasonable proposal of scientific development of the square aerobics (Dance) .
  
  Through the research, this paper draws the conclusion as follows:
  
  (1) Square aerobics (Dance) refers to a kind of group fitness and entertainment activitieswhich the fitness enthusiasts do the physical exercises (Dance) in the accompaniment ofmusic in the park, square, stadium, street, community open space. Exercise more inclinedto operative movement in the form of exercise, fitness dance more inclinedto dance, however, there is no fundamental difference between aerobics and fitness dance.
  
  (2) There are 250 the original square aerobics (Dance) works, respectively from national29 provinces, cities (autonomous region) and the industry association, involved morethan a million people, geographical distributing broadly, they basically can represent thepresent our country's level. Although the elderly is a large crowd, but theyouth and middle-aged people also account for a large proportion. Props can be the used inSquare aerobics (Dance) works, and it can also be not. In the teams which use props, thefans and the drum have been used most frequently. The works of minoritynationality present the characteristics and essence of multi ethnic elements, that will beconducive to promote the multi development and diversification in nationwide for thesquare aerobics (Dance)。 In the use of the space, they mainly depend onthe communities and City Cultural Squares and parks and stadiums.
  
  (3)Excellent square aerobics (Dance) works show some common features: variousformation changes, excellent artistic and ornamental; formation coordination withmusic and action; Action with distinct characteristics. The action, music style, clothing canbe a very good performance of the theme of the works. Action creation gets on well withthe movement of the player's ability. Consistent of action and the completion of action arevery good. They have creativity in field form; and they can give people the fresh becauseof their beauty and bright. Action layout and distribution are balance. Time limit and thenumbers of people meet the requirements of the rules.
  
  (4) Chinese square aerobics (Dance) original works at this stage showed the followingcharacteristics:the original and the fitness, widespread of the participation, universality ofthe diversity of music and dance, the artistic of the movement arrangement, the diversity ofthe style of works and so on.
  
  (5) By now, the works of the square aerobics (Dance) also encountered some socialproblems in the development in our country and the process of promotion, “noisenuisance” become the main problems to stop to go further development, but wecannot give up eating for fear of choking, government departmentsshould correct guidance and rational planning, we also need the public show their abilitiesand cleverness to strengthen its construction and renovation ofsquare Aerobics (Dance)from the full range and multi dimension, to promotethe square aerobics(Dance) green, harmonious, healthy and sustainable development.
  
  Keywords: square aerobics (Dance); original work; analysis.
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